While pure chocolate contains no oils, a number of manufacturers are now using oils, which begs the question, “What oil is used in chocolates?”
Needless to say, this makes a big difference because many major chocolate brands have started to use hydrogenated oil as a substitute for cocoa beans, which is the main ingredient in chocolate.
Manufacturers are increasingly using vegetable oil as an alternative to cocoa beans. Palm kernel oil and derivatives (solids for compounds, liquid for fillings) can be utilized in compound chocolate and cocoa and nut-based fillings.
These oils are used for a variety of reasons, from creating a neutral flavor and excellent melting qualities to giving chocolate its smooth, soft texture. We have the facts from the experts on what oil is used in chocolates and why.
There are many reasons why manufacturers use oils in chocolates. For instance, when making chocolates for hot climates, hard fats like palm and palm kernel oil come in handy since cocoa butter would melt. As avid chocolate enthusiasts, we can provide you with all the information you need on the type of oils used in chocolates.
Why are Oils Used in Chocolate?
It's easy to believe that health is the main priority for today's customers. However, any ingredient compositions that ignore taste and texture will be met with disapproval. Then there's the effect on the fats and oils' functioning, which are crucial in producing chocolate, well, "chocolate."
That isn't to say that there isn't any good news. Today's customers, according to ingredient supplier AAK, are increasingly receptive to fats and oils, and the latest Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that a balanced eating pattern include plant-based oils. Moreover, for both customers and producers, striking the correct balance between all of these can be tremendously satisfying.
During IFT, AAK showcased a chocolate hazelnut butter spread manufactured with the company's EsSence 86-33 NH palm, palm kernel, and canola oil mix. Because EsSence 86-33 considerably decreases oil seepage to give superior quality products with extended shelf life, the rich chocolate hazelnut butter spread won't grease out and will stay silky smooth for months.
According to Freed, the oil may also be utilized to avoid oil separation in goods like natural peanut butter. ADM also provides innovative options such as peanut oil, corn oil, soybean oil and many others supplied by the ingredient provider.
Are Trans-Fats Used in Chocolates?
Cocoa butter is a kind of fat that is commonly used in the production of genuine chocolate. In certain chocolates, a little amount of cocoa butter is replaced with other fats. These fats are never hydrogenated and never chemically altered. To put it another way, true chocolate has no hydrogenated oils and almost no trans-fats.
Chocolate compound coatings, on the other hand, are created using vegetable lipids other than cocoa butter. It can become a source of trans-fat if the fat is partly hydrogenated (a chemical process that converts unsaturated fats into partially or wholly saturated fats). However, fat providers and the fat industry have worked hard to develop non-hydrogenated or fully hydrogenated fats as a healthy alternative to partly hydrogenated fats. It's possible that trans-fat is still on the market.
The battle between cocoa butter and vegetable oil in Europe lasted 30 years. Many enthusiasts have joined the fight, with the decision potentially affecting millions of cocoa growers in Africa and South America.
It all started in October when a dozen business organizations petitioned the FDA to change the guidelines that govern the production of almost 300 items. In general, the so-called criteria of identification are intended to guarantee that listed items have the correct amount of important ingredients, are correctly manufactured, and are not falsely packaged. Chocolate in its purest form — the "liquor" created from the ground, processed cacao beans — must, for example, have between 50% and 60% cocoa butter, also known as cocoa fat.
The Grocery Manufacturers Association, the Chocolate Manufacturers Association, and ten other food business organizations want those stringent requirements to be more flexible. They want wide authorization to add components, use alternative processes, utilize new forms, and swap substances, which are now prohibited by the rules.
Palm Oil in Chocolate
Palm oil may be found in nearly half of all grocery foods that need a fat component. Palm oil, in different forms and derivatives, is found in a wide range of culinary products, from chocolates to biscuits, peanut butter to ice cream. This is arguably the most common accusation made by anti-palm oil activists. Palm oil is also utilized in the manufacture of personal care goods like shampoo and toothpaste, as well as home cleaning products like detergents and cleansers.
When compared to other cocoa products, cocoa butter is the most popular, accounting for more than half of global sales. However, the output of cocoa butter, a premium commodity, is behind. Alternatives to cocoa butter are thus a vital answer for long-term profitable manufacturing. Cocoa butter substitutes may be easily adjusted and made at a low cost while still functioning as cocoa butter. Cocoa butter substitutes, cocoa butter replacers, and butter equivalents are all examples of cocoa butter substitutes.
From 2019 to 2025, the worldwide cocoa bean market is expected to grow at a rate of 7.3 percent. The top 20 chocolate-consuming countries, where confectionery sales peak between Easter and Halloween, are dominated by Europe and the United States. Beyond the United States and Europe, the World Cocoa Foundation anticipates that China's chocolate sector will expand significantly.
Advantages of Using Palm Oil
The availability of palm fat as an alternative and the possible cost savings of the entire confectionery formulation are the two main benefits. At 340°C (930°F), cocoa butter has a distinct and harsh melting character. Palm-based cocoa butter alternatives stay solid at room temperature but melt similarly to cocoa butter, providing a smooth and creamy feel on the tongue and a comparable sensation to that of cocoa butter.
Palm oil may be separated into palm olein, a liquid fraction with high mono-unsaturated oleic acid content. In tropical and sub-temperate parts of the world, this is the most common cooking oil. Palm stearin, on the other hand, is a trans-fat-free solid fraction of palm fruit oil.
Palm stearin, on the other hand, is a trans-fat-free solid fraction of palm fruit oil that is commonly used in baking and confectionery. Palm oil is natural, non-GMO oil that is semi-solid at room temperature and comes from palm fruit. Palm oil comes from the flesh of the fruit, whereas palm kernel oil comes from the crushed seed of the oil palm.
Palm kernel oil and palm oil have distinct qualities that make them incredibly adaptable and allow them to be used in a variety of food and non-food applications. Palm kernel oil and palm oil may be processed and separated to yield a variety of fractions with varying qualities.
What is Compound Chocolate?
Perhaps you've come across the term "compound chocolate" on an ingredient list for chocolate confectionery, cake, or ice cream. You might be wondering what this phrase implies; I was as well, so I conducted some research to learn more about it.
What is compound chocolate, exactly? Compound chocolate is a chocolate substitute that incorporates vegetable fat (such as soybean oil or coconut oil). Although compound chocolate has some cocoa powder (about 8% to 18%), it frequently contains very little, if any, cocoa butter (the natural fat found in cacao beans).
As you can expect, compound chocolate quality varies a lot from one brand to the next. This is because the amount and kind of vegetable oil and sweetener used in these goods differ.
Let's examine compound chocolate in comparison to "genuine" chocolate. Then we'll discuss when compound chocolate should be used instead of real chocolate. Compound chocolate, as previously stated, is a chocolate substitute. Compound chocolate is sometimes known as "candy chocolate" because it is used to cover candies.
- Coating with a compound
- Chocolate coating
- Coating of confectionery
Cocoa butter is seldom, if ever, present in compound chocolate. As a result, compound chocolate is a less expensive and easier-to-work-with alternative to pure chocolate. True chocolate, on the other hand, does not include any added vegetable oils. Cocoa butter is found in cacao beans and is the only fat in genuine chocolate.
The distinction between pure chocolate and compound chocolate can be compared to the difference between butter and margarine. No additional oil is used in the production of butter, which is created from milk and cream (dairy or milk fat). Margarine may include little or no milk fat and may have other additional oils (such as vegetable oil). It is not authentic chocolate if a chocolate combination has less than 20% cocoa fat! If the combination includes less than 10% chocolate liquor or more than 1% emulsifier, the same rules apply.
About THE AUTHOR
Lori has been a Culinary Arts instructor for twenty years. She has taught in the public school setting, at the collegiate level and through adult continuing education as well as running several cooking and baking camps for children. She has participated in several cooking, cake & chocolate contests and has been well recognized. She has raised thousands of dollars for charities using the byline “Saving the World one Cupcake at a Time”. Additionally, she has had several articles regarding food published in various magazines.Read More About Lori Gilmore